去中心化云和IBC加速Defi增长,Akash凭什么?

2020-09-21 09:45发布

有人说Akash是基于Cosmos;采用Tendermint技术;用于Defi的去中心化云;可是他究竟是怎样的?

值得期待的是:9月17日20:00 线上AMA,我们有幸邀请到了Akash产品负责人Jack Zampolin为我们分享Akash网络构建方面的知识,以及他们的加密技术。

Cosmos是什么?

严格来说,Cosmos 是一个独立并行区块链的去中心化网络,每个区块链都由Tendermint共识这样的BFT(拜占庭容错Byzantine Fault-Tolerance) 共识算法构建。通俗来讲Cosmos 是一个区块链生态系统,可以相互扩展和互操作。在 Cosmos 之前,区块链是孤立的、无法相互通信。所以Cosmos希望能把所有的不同的区块链最终链接在一起,形成一整套生态系统,实现相互之间的协作和数据传递。

Akash又是什么?

Jack阐述说传统的中心化云计算平台现今存在一些问题:一方面,无状态接口和底层节点结构受中心化云服务厂商制约,B端客户的使用成本非常高,难以进入主流市场;另外一方面,全球840万个数据中心,预计有85%的服务器容量尚未得到充分利用。

根据市场研究数据预计,截止到2020年,全球云计算市场规模将突破2100亿美元,其中亚马逊云(AWS)、谷歌云、微软Azure和阿里云四大中心化云服务厂商以71%的市场份额形成了寡头垄断的市场格局。

由此看来,Akash项目的产生是顺势而为的。

而且,Akash 是用于 Serverless Computing (无服务计算)的点对点超级云项目,旨在为开发人员提供了一个开放,无需授权的,安全的多余算力循环市场。通过分布式计算集群(数据中心)网络打破这种寡头垄断,并在对等市场提供资源,所消耗的成本预计以比现在市场上的的成本低10-15倍。Akash希望借助区块链技术打破寡头垄断,提供更开放、更高效的云服务。

新事物的代表的是光明的,前进的,是值得大家支持的;Akash是受到官方生态所认可的,我们相信,他的未来值得大家期待。


或许你会思考Akash到底是什么?你该如何有效快速地了解它呢?在今天我们的线上AMA将带你走近,以下是采访精简内容:




01



IPFSNEWS Nancy: Welcome Jack, please say hello to audiences . Can you please briefly introduce yourself and the Akash project?

星际视界Nancy: 欢迎Jack,请Jack给社区朋友打个招呼,请简单介绍一下自己和Akash项目?

Jack: I'm Jack Zampolin, VP of Product at Akash. Prior to joining here I was Director of Product at Cosmos/Tendermint. Most recently, I launched Game of Zones, an incentivized testnet for the Cosmos interoperability framework IBC.

Prior to Cosmos, I worked at Blockstack as employee #9, helping to raise their ICO and build out their developer community. I also have experience working in cloud computing at InfluxData where I was their first Sales Engineer then first Developer Evangelist, building integrations with many cloud platforms and the open source community there.

I was introduced to Akash over a year ago when Greg gave me a demo. I was blown away and invested and became an advisor soon after. I couldn't be more excited to be working with this team.

Jack: 大家好,我是Jack Zampolin,Akash的产品负责人。在加入Akash之前,我是Cosmos/Tendermint的产品总监。最近,我推出了Game of Zones,这是一个用于Cosmos互操作性框架IBC的激励测试网络。

在Cosmos之前,我曾经是Blockstack的第9号员工,帮助他们完成ICO,并建立了Blockstack的开发者社区。我也有在云计算方面的工作经验,在Blockstack我是他们的第一个销售工程师,也是第一个开发布道者,建立了与许多云平台和开源社区的集成。

一年多前,Greg给我做了一个关于Akash的演示,我被这个天才的想法震撼了,很快就投资Akash并成为顾问。




02



IPFSNEWS Nancy: What are the problems of traditional centralized cloud computing platforms, and how does Akash solve these problems? What is the ultimate goal of Akash?

星际视界Nancy: 传统的中心化云计算平台的问题是什么,Akash是如何解决这些问题?Akash的终极目标是什么?

Jack: Cloud infrastructure -- the back bone of the Internet -- is increasingly becoming centralized, controlled by an oligopoly of four companies (Amazon’s AWS, Google Cloud, Microsoft’s Azure and Alibaba).

The mission of Akash is to break this oligopoly using a decentralized network of computing clusters (data centers), and offering resources in a peer-to-peer marketplace to build resilient and unstoppable applications at 10X to 15X less than what you would pay in the market today.

Jack: 云计算是互联网的关键基础设施,然而现在云正日益中心化,四大企业——亚马逊AWS、谷歌云、微软Azure和阿里云已垄断该行业。

Akash的使命是通过分布式计算集群(数据中心)网络打破这种寡头垄断,并在对等市场提供资源,以比现在市场上的价格低10到15倍的价格构建具有弹性和不可阻挡的应用。




03



IPFSNEWS Nancy:Who are the participants in Akash network ecosystem, and how do they participate ? How is the network's economic incentive model conceived?

星际视界Nancy: Akash网络生态有哪些参与方,各方分别如何参与网络?网络的经济激励模型是如何构想的?

Jack:There are four roles:

Tenants: Tenants are users of compute, or developers, who specify their needs application needs, before submitting it to our marketplace for providers to bid

Cloud Providers: Anyone with spare compute capacity, Supermini nodes, and enterprise data centers are able to place their idle compute capacity in our network. It’s important to note that 8.2-million data centers have 85%+ of spare compute already.

We are prioritizing our efforts to focus align="justify">Validators: Validators contribute to the economic security of the chain: validate transactions, governance, etc.

Delegators: Individual stakeholders that delegate their AKT to validators and further contribute to the economic security of the Akash blockchain.

As an individual user, specifically an Akash delegator, you are able to stake AKT and earn block rewards.

Jack: Akash网络生态主要的参与方有四种:租户、云提供商、验证器、以及委托者。

租户:租户是计算用户或开发商,他们在将应用需求提交给Akash市场供供应商投标之前,会指定自己的需求

云提供商:任何拥有空闲计算能力、超小型节点和企业数据中心的人都可以将其空闲计算能力放到我们的网络中。需要注意的是,820万个数据中心已经拥有超过85%的空闲计算。我们将重点关注企业云提供商、数据包、裸金属数据中心提供商,该公司最近被全球最大的数据中心提供商Equinix以3.35亿美元收购。

验证器:验证器有助于链的经济安全性:验证事务、治理等。

委托者:将其AKT委托给验证者并进一步为Akash区块链的经济安全做出贡献的个体利益相关者。

作为用户,尤其是Akash授权者,用户可以质押AKT并获得区块奖励。




04



IPFSNEWS Nancy: Blockchain networks generally integrate IBC modules. What are the characteristics and overall solutions of Akash network in integrating IBC ?

星际视界Nancy: 区块链网络普遍都会集成IBC模块,Akash网络在融合IBC技术方面有哪些特点和整体解决方案?

Jack: IBC standard provides a framework to connect the global economy to the blockchain, and parties align="justify">With the ICF, we’ll be working align="justify">With IBC, users will be able to pay and settle with stablecoins such as Kava's USDX, or Terra, or other currencies, for cloud compute.

Jack: IBC标准提供了将全球经济连接到区块链的框架,现有区块链上的各方将能够跨链进行交互和交换。借助ICF,我们将致力于研究的前沿,部署实时生产系统以使IBC成为现实。 

ICF已授予Akash一笔资金,用于维护和建造IBC中继器。对于启动协议至关重要,中继器是用户界面,它将启用IBC上的所有传输和事务。

这是用户最初可以使用IBC的唯一方法。借助IBC,用户将能够使用稳定币(例如Kava的USDX或Terra或其他货币)进行支付和结算,以进行云计算。




05



IPFSNEWS Nancy:Defi rises so amazing. What do you think of the current Defi market? What problems and risks still exist in the Defi protocols?

星际视界Nancy:Defi的崛起的速度让人惊叹,Jack是如何看待当前的Defi市场,Defi协议层面还存在哪些问题和风险?

Jack: Three problems: Censorship, Costs and Scalability

Censorship:

Cloud applications hosted align="justify">Costs:

It is estimated that over 60% of Ethereum nodes currently run align="justify">High gas costs prevents DeFi from being more accessible to the wider retail market.

Scalability:

The high transaction costs are indicative of the scalability challenges blockchain protocols face today. Ethereum blockchain currently supports around 15 transactions per second (TPS), which is prohibitive for smaller transactions and impossible to build high volume money markets (such as high margin trading).

In other words, Akash makes DeFi unstoppable.

Jack: 面对当前火热的Defi市场,我认为该协议层面存在以下三个问题:

第一,审查问题,Akash上托管的云应用具有抗审查性,这些应用只能由密钥所有者控制。这确保了无状态接口和支持它们的底层节点基础结构不会受到中心化云提供商的支配。

第二,成本问题,据估计,目前有超过60%的以太坊节点运行在亚马逊网页服务。这种中心化不仅由于供应受限而导致成本增加,而且还具有中心化和易于被审查的风险。高昂的gas成本使DeFi无法更广泛地进入主流市场。

第三,可扩展性问题:高昂的交易成本表明,区块链协议如今面临的可扩展性挑战。以太坊区块链目前支持每秒约15笔交易(TPS),这对于较小的交易是禁止的,并且不可能建立大量的货币市场(例如高保证金交易)。换句话说,Akash使DeFi势不可挡。




06



IPFSNEWS Nancy:How will Akash help Defi's development?

星际视界Nancy: Akash将如何帮助Defi发展?

Jack:Akash Network: DeCloud for Defi:

Unstoppable DeFi:

Cloud applications hosted align="justify">This ensures that Stateless interfaces and the underlying node infrastructure to support them, are not at the mercy of centralized cloud providers.

Lower Costs:

At Akash, users set the price they’re willing to pay and the network optimizes for the lowest cost possible for the application to function. Along with a novel subsidy model, this pricing mechanism is projected to reduce cloud computing costs 3x to 15x.

Scalability:

Akash enables anyone with a computer to become a cloud provider, unlocking 85% of underutilized cloud computing capacity in 8.4 million data centers around the world

developers have unlimited access to all network resources at any time–thus removing barriers to scalability.

At Akash, we’re building the first DeCloud for DeFi, and making DeFi developer challenges a thing of the past.

Akash DeCloud is a vertically integrated solution that enabless developers to deploy interfaces and nodes without friction, and with the best price-performance in the market.

Jack: Akash助力Defi发展,主要表现在审查、降低成本、可拓展性等方面,具体来说:

首先在针对审查上,Akash所托管的云应用具有抗审查性,这意味着该应用程序只能由所有者控制;这确保了无状态接口和支持它们的底层节点基础结构不会受到集中式云提供商的支配。

其次在降低成本上,Akash的用户可以设定自己愿意支付的价格,并且网络会以应用程序运行所需的最低成本进行优化。连同新颖的补贴模型,预计该定价机制可将云计算成本降低3倍至15倍。

再次在可扩展性上,Akash使拥有计算机的任何人都可以成为云提供商,从而释放全球840万个数据中心中利用率不足的云计算能力的85%。开发人员可以随时无限制地访问所有网络资源,从而消除了可扩展性的障碍。

最后Akash正在为DeFi构建第一个DeCloud,并使DeFi开发人员挑战过去。Akash DeCloud是一种垂直集成的解决方案,使开发人员能够毫无障碍地部署接口和节点,并具有市场上最佳的性价比。




07



IPFSNEWS Nancy:What are the current challenges facing the Akash network? What is Akash's global strategy in the future and what are its expectations for the Chinese market?

星际视界Nancy: Akash网络目前面临哪些挑战?Akash未来的全球战略是怎么样的,对中国市场有哪些期待?

Jack: Akash has already attracted a large global audience and have a validator community encompassing North America, South America, Europe, and Asia Pacific.

In the past two months we've added teams in China and Russia to support our large audiences there, and we're continuing to expand support to additional global regions.

Most of our critical content is available in Chinese and Russian as well. We're excited to announce additional global expansions and support in the coming months.

Jack: Akash已经吸引了大批全球用户,并拥有一个涵盖北美、南美、欧洲和亚太地区的验证者。在过去的两个月中,我们在中国和俄罗斯增加了团队,获得了很多社区用户的支持,以及大家对AKT的期待。官网也支持了中文和俄文。接下来的几个月,我们会进一步进行全球扩张。




08



IPFSNEWS Nancy:What are the differences between using the akash platform and using the existing platforms?

星际视界Nancy: 请描绘一下未来人们使用Akash网络会有哪些与今天不一样的体验?

Jack: Other projects in the cloud infrastructure space, like Dfinity and Golem, they are both in the same industry as as Akash, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), but our go-to-market is fundamentally different for the $202B industry.

Golem and Dfinity’s market size is less than $300-million.

Golem has align="justify">Dfinity focuses more align="justify">

Jack:  云基础架构领域中的其他项目,例如Dfinity和Golem,都与Akash,基础架构即服务(IaaS)处于同一行业,但对于2020亿美元的行业,我们的进入市场与根本不同。Golem and Dfinity的市场规模不到3亿美元。Golem具有链上计算功能,本质上是一台超级计算机,它需要超级计算机问题。

与我们的市场大小相比,该市场大小相对很小,为$2020亿美元。你知道需要多少计算机才能运行超级计算机?Dfinity更加关注智能合约。他们的PoS提高了执行的吞吐量,但是智能合约存在局限性。我们已经看到Dfinity更加接近Akash的模型,但是对它们的源代码并不太深入。



本文仅是传达资讯之目的,不代表链数科立场,不构成任何投资建议。投资有风险,入市须谨慎。 


赞赏支持